Adelaide is the capital city of South Australia. It has the most centralized population of any state in Australia, with more than 75 percent of its people living in greater Adelaide city, while the other population centers in the state are relatively small.
In Adelaide, you can enjoy stylish architecture, boutique shopping, sandy swimming beaches, fabulous arts events, nightlife, fine dining, and some of Australia’s best café strips. The population is slightly over 1 million, which makes it Australia’s fifth largest city and by far the largest city in the otherwise sparsely populated state.
Adelaide is centrally located among the wine regions of McLaren Vale, Barossa Valley, and Clare Valley, all of which are within day-trip distance.
Unlike the other state capitals of Australia, Adelaide has never been a convict settlement and was settled entirely by free settlers since its founding.
History of Adelaide City
Before Europeans arrived the Kaurna tribe lived in the Adelaide area. The Indigenous Australians called the Adelaide area Tandanya, which means the Place of the Red Kangaroo. However, in the early 1830s, the British drew up plans to settle the area.
Many famous buildings were erected in Adelaide in the 19th century. The foundation stone of Holy Trinity Church was laid in 1838. Old Adelaide Gaol was built in 1841. (It was decommissioned in 1988). Government House was completed in 1855 and St Francis Xavier Cathedral was dedicated in 1858. Ayers House was built in 1846.
In 1900 Adelaide the population of Adelaide was 162,000 and it was growing rapidly. As Adelaide expanded more buildings were added. Parliament House in Adelaide was built in two parts. The West Wing was built in 1889 and the East Wing was built in 1939.
Adelaide airport dates from 1921. The War Memorial in Adelaide was built in 1931. Flinders University opened in 1966. Today Adelaide is a thriving city. Today the population of Adelaide is about 1.3 million.
Top Destinations of Adelaide City
Adelaide Botanic Gardens
Art Gallery of South Australia
West Terrace Cemetery
Adelaide Park Lands
South Australian Museum