Andringitra National Park is National Park in the Haute Matsiatra region of Madagascar, 47 km south of Ambalavao. Approximately 140km of the Tropic of Capricorn crosses the park. It is home to the second highest mountain in the country (which is the same time the highest accessible peak).
The park was established in 1999 and is managed by the WWF in cooperation with Madagascar National Parks Association. It is known for its rough terrain, which includes the mountain peak Imarivolanitra (formerly Pic Boby) at 2658 m, as well as deep valleys and ridges. It is also one of the most biologically diverse and endemic places in all of Madagascar; over 100 different species of birds, over 50 species of mammals, and 55 species of frogs are known to inhabit the park.
History of Andringitra National Park
The importance of the area was noted by explorers in the early 20th century and in 1927 the central part of the mountain range was declared a ″Strict Nature Reserve″. During the early 1990s the Malagasy Environmental Action Plan introduced the idea of Madagascar taking ownership of the environmental agenda, rather than donors, and in 1999 the area became a National Park. In 2007 the park became part of the Rainforests of the Atsinanana World Heritage Site.
Interesting Facts About Andringitra National Park
- Andringitra national park is located in Madagascar’s Southeastern highlands in the region Haute Matsiatra, nearby RN7 and about 50 km south of Ambalavao.
- The airport of Fianarantsoa has not been working during the last decades, so there is no way to use flights there that’s why a journey to this national park takes at least two hours due to poor road conditions.
- Andringitra is a mystical spot of calm, untouched nature for both visitors as Malagasy people. Its highest peak, Pic Boby, has an altitude of nearly 2700 m above sea level.
- The park exists as protected area since 1927 but was declared official national park of Madagascar not before 1999. In 2007, Andringitra national park became UNESCO world heritage.
- In winter, the highest peaks of Andringitra national park even freeze while summer can make it up to 30°C in the park’s lower regions.
- Andringitra has an average rainfall of 4000 mm only in February yet, which means rain occurs usually throughout the day every time of the year.
- Over 1000 plant species can be found here including narrowly 110 bird species, around 50 reptile species as well as 190 insect and 55 mammal species.