APIA

Apia is the capital and the largest city of Samoa. The Apia city is located on the central north coast of Upolu, Samoa’s second largest island. Apia is the only “city” in Samoa and falls within the political district of Tuamasaga.

Apia has a population of around 40,000 and is generally referred to as the City of Apia.

As with most Pacific Island capitals, Apia is a little shabby and run down. Reasonably small in size and with few obvious attractions, Apia is very useful as an initial stop-off point for first-time visitors to get their bearings, plan travel around the island of Upolu, organize accommodation on the beach, and recover from jet lag. The vast majority of Samoa’s highlights can be found outside this town, although most are within a very short drive.

Apia city features a tropical rainforest climate with consistent temperatures throughout the year. Apia’s driest months are July and August when on average about 80 millimeters (3.1 in) of rain falls. Its wettest months are December through March when average monthly precipitation easily exceeds 300 millimeters (12 in). Apia’s average temperature for the year is 26 °C (79 °F).

History of Apia City

Apia was founded in the 1850s, it was originally a small village (the population was 304), from which the country’s capital took its name. and has been the official capital of Samoa since 1959. The harbor was the site of an infamous naval standoff in 1889 when 7 ships from Germany, the US, and Britain refused to leave the harbor when a typhoon was approaching, for fear of losing face. All the ships were sunk, except for one British cruiser. Nearly 200 American and German lives were lost.

During the struggle for independence in the early 1900s, organized by the Mau movement, a peaceful gathering in the town resulted in the killing of the paramount chief Tupua Tamasese Lealofi III and ten others by New Zealand police on 28 December 1929.

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