Brisbane is the capital of the state of Queensland with a population of about 2 million people, making it the third-largest city in Australia. Positive attitude and creative confidence of Brisbane City make a genuine new-world.
Even though Brisbane is rapidly developing and forward-thinking, it maintains a youthful enthusiasm and has what is arguably the most vibrant, laid back and friendliest atmosphere of any east-coast capital city.
Gaining international exposure during the 1982 Commonwealth Games, the 1988 World Expo and the 2001 Goodwill Games, Brisbane’s year-round warm climate, spectacular scenery and pleasant locals have been the draw-card for many domestic and international visitors, making Brisbane the fastest-growing city in Australia.
In November 2014 the city hosted the G-20 summit, attracting thousands of media, delegates and security staff. In 2016, the Globalization and World Cities Research Network ranked Brisbane as a Beta world city.
History of Brisbane City
For many thousands of years, Aboriginal people have lived in what is now known as Brisbane. In 1823, John Oxley was the first English colonist to explore Brisbane, which was then selected by the colony of New South Wales as the location for a new jail, intended to house dangerous prisoners in a remote location. The settlement was named “Brisbane” after Sir Thomas Brisbane, the Governor of New South Wales at that time. The original settlement was established in what is now the suburb of Redcliffe but was later moved to a location further down the bay.
In 1837, free settlers moved to the area and pushed to close the jail and to release the land in the area.
In 1859, a gold rush led to the establishment of the colony of Queensland with Brisbane as its capital, named after Sir Thomas MakDougall Brisbane, the sixth Governor of New South Wales.
In 1925, the Queensland State Parliament created the City of Brisbane Act and set up a single government for the city of Brisbane.
Recent strong migration to Brisbane and the whole of southeast Queensland is taking place due to cheaper house prices, a pleasant climate, and good employment opportunities. The area is currently facing the challenge of providing enough fresh water for its residents. You’re not likely to find the tap dry or see any visible signs of the shortage, but keep your showers relatively brief (local water restrictions call for 4-minute showers).
Brisbane is notorious for having been established on the floodplain of the Brisbane River, which has resulted in major floods in 1893, 1974 and 2011. The flood in January 2011 damaged various infrastructure along the river and surrounding suburbs, but most businesses and services have since recovered from this event.
South Bank Parklands
Museum of Brisbane
D’Aguilar National Park
Gallery of Modern Art
Queensland Cultural Centre