Cairns is a city in the Cairns Region, Queensland, Australia. It is on the east coast of Far North Queensland. The Cairns city is the 5th-most-populous in Queensland and ranks 14th overall in Australia.
Cairns was founded in 1876 and named after William Wellington Cairns, Governor of Queensland from 1875 to 1877. It was formed to serve miners heading for the Hodgkinson River goldfield but declined when an easier route was discovered from Port Douglas. It later developed into a railhead and major port for exporting sugar cane, gold and other metals, minerals and agricultural products from surrounding coastal areas and the Atherton Tableland region.
The city is surrounded by rainforest and can be used as a gateway to destinations such as Kuranda and the Daintree. Besides tourism, the city is supported by agricultural activities which include sugar cane, bananas, coffee, tea and the world’s first tropical fruit wine region.
History of Cairns City
Cairns was founded in 1876, hastened by the need to export gold discovered on the tablelands to the west of the inlet. The site was predominantly mangrove swamps and sand ridges. Laborers gradually cleared the swamps, and the sand ridges were filled with dried mud, sawdust from local sawmills, and ballast from a quarry at Edge Hill.
During World War II, the Allied Forces used Cairns as a staging base for operations in the Pacific, with US Army Air Force and Royal Australian Air Force operational bases. Combat missions were flown out of Cairns in support of the Battle of the Coral Sea in 1942.
After World War II, Cairns gradually developed into a center for tourism. The opening of the Cairns International Airport in 1984 helped establish the city as a desirable destination for international tourism.
Tjapukai Aboriginal Cultural Park
Cairns Regional Gallery
Cairns Esplanade, Boardwalk & Lagoon
Flecker Botanic Gardens