Canaima National Park is in the Gran Sabana region of Venezuela, in the southern state of Bolivar and spread out over 3 million hectares. It is located in Bolívar State, reaching the borders with Brazil and Guyana.
Canaima National Park is the gateway to Angel Falls. Although other waterfalls and lagoons can be visited from Canaima camp, the main reason tourists fly here is for the Three-day, two-night trips to the base of Angel Falls. It is the second largest park in Venezuela, after Parima-Tapirapecó, and sixth biggest national park in the world. It is the size of Belgium or Maryland.
History of Canaima National Park
Canaima National Park was established on 12 June 1962, it had an area of one million hectares. The increase to 3 million hectares in 1975 made it one of the largest national parks in the world.
As early as 1990 the countries that participate in the Amazonian Cooperation Treaty had recommended expanding the Canaima National Park southward to connect it with Monte Roraima National Park in Brazil, with coordinated management of tourism, research, and conservation. In 1994, the Canaima Park was named a World Heritage Site by UNESCO, as a natural reserve that has abrupt relief special and unique around the world, the tepuis.
Interesting Facts about Canaima National Park
1. It is the second largest park in Venezuela, after Parima-Tapirapecó, and sixth biggest national park in the world.
2. About 65% of the park is occupied by plateaus of rock called tepuis, which are a kind of table-top mountain millions of years old, with vertical walls and almost flat tops.
3. The most famous tepuis in the park are Mount Roraima, the tallest and easiest to climb, and Auyantepui, the site of Angel Falls.
4. The park includes the entire watershed of the right bank of the Caroní River, and two of the highest waterfalls in the world, the Angel Falls and the Kukenán and plenty of waterfalls of lower altitude.