Canberra is the capital city of Australia. The Canberra city is located in the Australian Capital Territory (ACT), an enclave in the southeast of New South Wales.
The city’s design was influenced by the garden city movement and incorporates significant areas of natural vegetation that have earned Canberra the title of the “bush capital”. It is unusual among Australian cities, being an entirely planned city outside of any state, similar to Washington, D.C. in the United States, or Brasília in Brazil.
Canberra is a planned city, with national monuments, museums, and galleries built around a large artificial lake. As a bush capital, Canberra is also a great place to enjoy the outdoors, with excellent cycling, gardens, parks, bushwalking and nature reserves. It is also the location of many social and cultural institutions of national significance, such as the Australian War Memorial, Australian National University, Royal Australian Mint, Australian Institute of Sport, National Gallery, National Museum and the National Library.
History of Canberra City
Canberra was established in 1913 as the capital for the newly federated Australian nation. The ACT was excised from New South Wales and put under the control of the federal government. The creation of the planned city was not without critics who claimed it was a “waste of a good sheep pasture”.
Canberra’s design was conceived by the American architects Walter Burley and Marion Mahony Griffin, built on the shores of an artificial lake (Lake Burley Griffin). Populated at first largely by politicians and public servants, it took the time to develop its own identity and culture. The extensive building of national facilities and a concerted effort to develop public institutions in the city have made it an interesting destination.
Top Destinations in Canberra City
National Gallery of Australia
Australian Parliament House
Museum of Australian Democracy
National Zoo & Aquarium
Australian War Memorial
Australian National Botanic Gardens
National Portrait Gallery