“Eventually, I think Chicago city will be the most beautiful great city left in the world.”
~Frank Lloyd Wright
Chicago officially the City of Chicago, is the third-most populous city in the United States and it is also the most populous city in both the state of Illinois and the Midwestern United States. It is the third largest city in the United States with a population approaching 3 million. Chicago is a huge vibrant city and a metropolitan area that sprawls over 10,874km². It’s well known for house music, blues, jazz, comedy, shopping, dining, architecture, and fine cultural attractions.
Chicago was incorporated as a city in 1837 and grew rapidly in the mid-nineteenth century. The city has many nicknames, the best-known being the Windy City.
As the hub of the Midwest, Chicago city is easy to find — its picturesque skyline calls across the waters of huge freshwater Lake Michigan, an impressive sight that soon reveals world-class museums of art and science, miles of sandy beaches, huge parks, public art, and perhaps the finest downtown collection of architecture in the world. In 2013, Chicago city was chosen as one of the “Top Ten Cities in the United States” to visit for its restaurants, skyscrapers, museums, and waterfront.
With a wealth of iconic sights and neighborhoods to explore, there’s enough to fill a visit of weeks or even months without ever seeing the end. Prepare to cover a lot of ground: the meaning of Chicago is only found in movement, through its subways and archaic elevated tracks, and eyes raised to the sky.
On August 12, 1833, the Town of Chicago was organized with a population of about 200. Within seven years it grew to more than 4,000 people. The City of Chicago was incorporated on March 1837 and for several decades was the world’s fastest growing city.
In the 1850s, Chicago gained national political prominence as the home of Senator Stephen Douglas. To accommodate rapid population growth and demand for better sanitation, the city improved its infrastructure.
During World War I and the 1920s there was a major expansion in the industry. The ratification of the 18th amendment to the Constitution in 1919 made the production and sale (including exportation) of alcoholic beverages illegal in the United States.
By the early 1960s, white residents in several neighborhoods left the city for the suburban areas – in many Northern American cities, a process known as white flight – as African Americans continued to move beyond the Black Belt. While home loan discriminatory redlining against blacks continued, the real estate industry practiced what became known as blockbusting.
Finally, the city is also known as The City That Works as promoted by longtime Mayor Richard M. Daley, which refers to Chicago’s labor tradition and its willingness to tackle grand civic projects. Daley and his father, former Mayor Richard J. Daley, were continuous voted into office for many terms and governed the city for decades.
Chicago now houses the world’s largest future exchanges. With Richard M. Daley deciding not to run for mayor again due to his ailing wife, and former White House Chief of Staff Rahm Emanuel resigning from that post to become mayor of Chicago, the city elected its first Daley-less administration with Emanuel since Mayor Richard M. Daley was in office from April 1989 to May 2011.
Top Destinations in Chicago
- Field Museum of Natural History
- 360° Chicago
- Willis Tower
- Millennium Park
- Art Institute of Chicago
- Navy Pier
- Wrigley Field
- Museum of Science & Industry