South America

countries of south america

Countries of  South America set the stage for incredible adventures like Andean peaks, Amazonian rainforest, Patagonian glaciers, Incan ruins, colonial towns, white-sand beaches and vertiginous nightlife, Nestled between the Caribbean, the South Pacific, and the South Atlantic Ocean.

The world’s biggest rainforest Amazon, remote islands include Galapagos Islands, Easter Island and Fernando de Noronha, heavenly beaches in Brazil’s Northeastern region, wide deserts in the Atacama, icy landscapes like Patagonia & Tierra del Fuego, the world’s tallest waterfall Angel Falls in Venezuela as well as several other breathtaking natural attractions.

The work of man has also left rare gems on the South America continent, ruins of ancient civilizations with world-class metropolises, outstanding modern architecture (Brasilia), European architecture (Buenos Aires), the oldest rock paintings in the Americas (at the Serra da Capivara), strong African heritage (in Salvador, Rio and Montevideo),  charming cities built in the Andes (Caracas, Medellín, Quito, Santiago de Chile) and Eastern culture (São Paulo’s enormous Japanese community), mingled with the fingerprints of Iberian colonizers. Ushuaia, the world’s southernmost city and some of its biggest festivities, such as Rio’s Carnival and Belem’s Cirio de Nazaré, the Tango World Championship, and the Vendimia festival in Argentina, are also part of this incredibly diverse and attractive continent.

South America Continent has some of the most incredible sights in the world. The most popular things to see include the ancient ruins of Machu Picchu high up the Peruvian Andes. In terms of natural beauty, it’s hard to beat the stunning Iguazu Falls that span that three countries (Brazil, Argentina and Paraguay) and the unique Mount Roraima in the frontier between Venezuela, Guyana and Brazil. Delightful remnants of Spanish colonialism can be found in many countries but is perhaps best in Cartagena, Colombia. Meanwhile, exciting vibrant cities like Buenos Aires and Rio de Janeiro provide the best taste of urban life in 21st Century South America.


south america
Countries of South America












Countries of South America have different languages. Spanish is the official language in all countries except Brazil, Guyana, Suriname and French Guiana. Portuguese is the official language in Brazil, which comprises about half the population and land area of the continent. There are also many indigenous peoples living in South America who speak their own languages, and if you are really going off the beaten track, you might have to learn them too. In Guyana, Suriname and French Guiana, the official languages are English, Dutch and French respectively



  • Boating down the Amazon River.
  • Discovering the huge variety of flora and fauna in the jungles.
  • Explore world’s great music destinations.
  • Contemplate the awe-inspiring power of Iguazu Falls.
  • Barrel down Andean roads by mountain bike.
  • Go white-water rafting on class V rivers and surf amazing breaks off both coasts.
  • Explore dramatic landscapes in Tierra del Fuego.
  • Study extraordinary creatures in the Galapagos.


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