French Guiana, the overseas territorial collectivity of France, situated on the northeastern coast of South America. French Guiana is bounded by Brazil to the south and east, Suriname to the west, and the Atlantic Ocean to the northeast. The French Guiana capital is Cayenne.French Guiana became a department of France in 1946; it was given regional status in 1974.The vast majority of the population is concentrated in towns and villages on the coastline. The French Guiana population is highly multicultural, being composed of (but not limited to) Native Americans, Europeans, Brazilians, Chinese, Haitians, and Libyans.French Guiana map is shown below.
First settled by the French in 1604, French Guiana was the site of notorious penal prisons known as “le Bagne” which functioned from the mid 19th century until 1951. The most famous of which is Devil’s Island. The European Space Agency also launches its communication satellites from Kourou. French Guyana is the only portion of mainland South America still governed by an overseas nation.French Guiana map is shown here.
Almost entirely covered in rain forests, with numerous creeks and small rivers. The territory is almost entirely separated from its neighbors by two rivers: the Oyapok to the east and the Maroni to the west. There are three small islands, the Iles du Salut, off the coast of Kourou. Low-lying coastal plains rising to hills and small mountains, mostly an unsettled wilderness. It also consists of hill plateaus and the Tumucumaque Mountains.Cayenne is French Guiana capital and most important city.
- ILES DU SALUT
- AWALA YALIMOPO
- SAINT LAURENT
French is the official language of French Guiana, although Creole is widely spoken. The majority of the population speaks French while few understand English. However, some officials, police, and gendarmes may speak English. Because of the presence of many Brazilians and Dominicans, many people understand basic Portuguese and basic Spanish. On the Maroni river, Taki-Taki is often used.
- Admire 20th Century Architecture in Cayenne.
- Explore the world of French Guiana’s Penal Colonies and Papillon.
- Watch a Rocket Launch in Kourou.
- Spot Wildlife in the Rainforest & on the Savanna.
- Sea Turtle Watching in Awala-Yalimapo.
“TRAVEL IS ONLY THING YOU BUY, THAT’S MAKE YOU RICHER.”