“The Grand Canyon Park fills me with awe. It is beyond comparison—beyond description; absolutely unparalleled throughout the wide world.” — Theodore Roosevelt
Grand Canyon Park is the 15th site in the United States to have been named a national park. The Grand Canyon is a UNESCO World Heritage Site that is located entirely in the U.S. state of Arizona in North America. and is one of the great tourist attractions in the United States.
The Grand Canyon is 446 km long, up to 29 km wide and attains a depth of over a mile (6,093 feet or 1,857 meters). Nearly two billion years of Earth’s geological history have been exposed as the Colorado River and its tributaries cut their channels through layer after layer of rock while the Colorado Plateau was uplifted.
The Grand Canyon National Park is itself divided into two main areas: the remote North Rim and the more accessible (and therefore more crowded) South Rim. In addition, the southwestern end of the canyon is located within the borders of two Indian reservations: the Havasupai Indian Reservation and the Hualapai Indian Reservation.
History of Grand Canyon Park
Grand Canyon Park was officially designated a national park in 1919. Before the Grand Canyon National Park Act was finally signed by President Woodrow Wilson in 1919, Senate bills to establish the site as a national park were introduced. The National Park Service, established in 1916, assumed administration of the park.
The creation of the park was an early success of the conservation movement. Its national park status may have helped thwart proposals to dam the Colorado River within its boundaries. In 1975, the former Marble Canyon National Monument, which followed the Colorado River northeast from the Grand Canyon to Lee’s Ferry, was made part of Grand Canyon National Park. In 1979, UNESCO declared the park a World Heritage Site.
Interesting Facts About Grand Canyon National Park
1. A variety of “microclimates” are found within the Grand Canyon National Park. It has a temperature increase of 5.5 degrees Fahrenheit for every 1,000ft in elevation loss. The coldest temperature recorded was a chilly -22 on the North Rim in 1985. And you thought it didn’t get cold in Arizona.
2. It’s grand but it’s not the world’s deepest, or longest canyon. The Yarlung Tsangpo Grand Canyon located in the Himalayas is the world’s longest canyon, with the world’s deepest gorge, where depths reach 17,567ft. That makes it a whopping 11,000ft deeper than the Grand Canyon, and about 30 miles longer.
3. There are no dinosaur bones in the canyon. The Grand Canyon might look like the perfect place to go looking for dinosaur bones, but none have ever been found there.
4. There are lots of other fossils have been found. An abundance of other fossils has been discovered here in the more recent rock, including marine fossils like corals and sponges, terrestrial fossils such as leaves and tracks, and even the bones of an 11,000-year-old sloth.
5. There is a town in the Grand Canyon. Supai Village is located at the base of the Grand Canyon within the Havasupai Indian Reservation. Inaccessible by road and with a population of just 208, it is the most remote community in the lower 48 states and is the only place where mail is still delivered by pack mule.