LONDON

There’s nowhere else like London City. Nothing at all, anywhere.

~Vivienne Westwood

London is an enormous city. The capital and largest city of both England and of the United Kingdom, it is also the largest city in Western Europe and the European Union. Most residents of Greater London are very proud of their capital and the multiculturalism of the city. London City is considered one of the world’s leading “global cities” in the arts, commerce, education, entertainment, fashion, finance, healthcare, media, professional services, research and development, tourism, and transportation.

Situated on the River Thames in South-East England, Greater London has an official population of a little over 8 million. However, London’s urban area stretched to 9,787,426 in 2011, while the figure of 14 million for the city’s wider metropolitan area more accurately reflects its size and importance.

History of London City

Evidence has been unearthed of Bronze and Iron Age settlement on the present day site of London, though it is unlikely a city existed here before the Roman conquest of Britannia in 43 AD.  Around 200 AD, the London Wall was erected to defend the city. The wall stretched for two miles around the ancient City, from Tower Hill in the East to Blackfriars Station in the West. Isolated Roman period remains and traces of the wall are still to be seen within the City of London.

From the late 8th century, Viking raids were common in Britain. In 871 London was seized by the Danish Norsemen, until it was reclaimed for Britain by King Alfred the Great of Wessex in 886. In 1016 the Danish king Cnut gained control of London and all of England. The Normans built fortifications throughout Britain and the Tower of London, in particular, confirmed their dominance over the existing population.

After the Norman Conquest London emerged as a great trading city and with the rise of England to first European then global prominence, London became a great center of culture, government, and industry. During the 12th and 13th centuries, it gradually replaced Winchester as the royal capital of England.

London was the world’s largest city from about 1831 to 1925. London’s overcrowded conditions led to cholera epidemics, claiming 14,000 lives in 1848, and 6,000 in 1866. Rising traffic congestion led to the creation of the world’s first local urban rail network.

During two world wars in the 20th century, London suffered aerial bombardment by firstly German Zeppelins in World War I (1914 – 1918) and by the German Luftwaffe during the Blitz of World War II (1939 – 1945). London dominates the economic, political and social life of the nation. It is the largest city in the United Kingdom with a population of 8.5 million, over seven times more than England’s ‘second city’ of Birmingham.

The capital is full of excellent bars, galleries, museums, parks, and theaters. It is also the most culturally and ethnically diverse part of the country.

Top Destinations in London City

 Westminster AbbeyTop 10 places in London

 Natural History MuseumBest Places in London

 St Paul’s CathedralPlaces to visit in London

 Tower of LondonFamous places to visit in London

 Tate ModernBeautiful places in London

 British Museum10 places to visit in London

 National GalleryFamous places in London

 Shakespeare’s GlobeTop Places in London