MEXICO

Mexico city has acquired unique experience during its integration into global value chains, especially in the automotive industry.

~Enrique Pena Nieto

Mexico, is a fascinating city in North America, lying between the United States of America to the north. It is a land of extremes, with high mountains and deep canyons in the center of the city, sweeping deserts in the north, and dense rain forests in the south and east.

Its extensive coastlines of more than 10,000km include the Gulf of Mexico and the Caribbean Sea to the east and the Pacific Ocean to the west. Mountains cover much of Mexico. Between the Sierra Madre Oriental mountain range in the east and the Sierra Madre Occidental in the west lie small mountain ranges on the Central Plateau. These regions are rich with valuable metals like silver and copper.

Mexico city is ranked as the 7th major destination for foreign visitors, according to the World Trade Organization. It has pleasant and warm weather, unique food, art and archeology, pyramids, museums, haciendas, superb architecture and 21st-century cities, weather from snow mountains in the Sierras, to rainy jungles in the Southeast and desert in the Northwest, numerous golf courses, excellent fishing, and world-class destinations.

History

The origins of Mexico City date back to 1325 when the Aztec capital city of Tenochtitlan was founded and later destroyed in 1521 by Spanish conqueror Hernan Cortes.  The city became the capital of the Mexican Empire in 1821 and of the Mexican Republic in 1823 after the abdication of Agustin de Iturbide. During the Mexico-US war in 1847, the city was invaded by the American army.

Porfirio Díaz assumed power in 1876 and left an outstanding mark in the city with many European styled buildings such as the Palacio de Bellas Artes and the Palacio Postal. Diaz was overthrown in 1910 with the Mexican Revolution and this marked a radical change in the city’s architecture.

In 1968, the city was host to the Olympic Games, which saw the construction of the Azteca Stadium, the Palacio de los Deportes, the Olympic Stadium and other sports facilities. In 1985 the city suffered an 8.1 Magnitude earthquake. Between 10,000 and 40,000 people were killed. 412 buildings collapsed and another 3,124 buildings were seriously damaged in the city.

Top Destinations in Mexico

Mexico City is a destination for many foreign tourists. The most notable attractions are the Mesoamerican ruins, cultural festivals, colonial cities, nature reserves and the beach resorts. the city has about 160 museums—the world’s greatest single metropolitan concentration over 100 art galleries, and some 30 concert halls, all of which maintain a constant cultural activity during the whole year.

The city’s wide range of climates, from temperate to tropical, and unique culture – a fusion of the European and the Mesoamerican – make Mexico an attractive destination.

The peak tourism seasons in the city are during December and the mid-Summer, with brief surges during the week before Easter and Spring break, when many of the beach resort sites become popular destinations for college students from the United States.

Mexico has the 23rd highest income from tourism in the world, and the highest in Latin America. The vast majority of tourists come to Mexico from the United States and Canada followed by Europe and Asia.

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