MOSCOW

Moscow City is a huge inspiration for me. I love what I find here, I love being here.

~Natalia Vodianova

Moscow is the capital and most populous city of Russia. A truly iconic, global city, Moscow has played a central role in the development of Russia and the world. Moscow has the status of a Russian federal city. Moscow was the capital of the former Soviet Union and signs of its previous life are very visible even now. By broader definitions Moscow city is among the world’s largest cities, being the 14th largest metro area, the 15th largest urban area, and the 11th largest by population within city limits worldwide. It is also one of the fastest growing tourist destinations in the world.

History of Moscow

The great city of Moscow was first mentioned in writing in 1147. At that time it was a small settlement but it soon grew larger.In 1156 wooden walls were built around the Kremlin. However, they did not stop the Mongols. In 1237 they burned Moscow.

However, Moscow was rebuilt and it grew more prosperous and more important. Yet the Mongols returned in 1382 and they burned Moscow again. Moscow soon recovered and by the 15th century, it probably had a population of about 50,000. However, Crimean Tartars burned Moscow again in 1571. Yet by the early 17th century Moscow had a population of about 200,000. By the standards of the time, it was a very large city.

In 1917 the Communists staged a revolution and they imposed a totalitarian regime in Russia. In 1918 Lenin moved his government to Moscow. Lenin was followed by the tyrant Josef Stalin. Under Stalin, many historic buildings in the city were demolished. However, the first line of the Metro opened in 1935. In 1941 the Germans invaded Russia. They reached the outskirts of Moscow at the beginning of December but they were then driven back.

After the Second World War Moscow continued to grow although many nations boycotted the Moscow Olympics in 1980. Fortunately, Communism collapsed in Russia in 1991 and in 1997 Moscow celebrated its 850th anniversary. Today the population of Moscow is 11.5 million.

Top Destinations in Moscow City

 Novodevichy ConventBest Places in Moscow

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