“ Mount Everest has always been a magnet for kooks, publicity seekers, hopeless romantics and others with a shaky hold on reality.”
― Jon Krakauer
Mount Everest, also known in Nepal as Sagarmāthā and in China as Chomolungma, is Earth’s highest mountain. Its peak is 8,848 meters (29,029 ft) above sea level. The summit is the border of Nepal to the south and China or Tibet on the north.
Everest is called Chomolungma in Tibet. It means mother goddess of the universe and Everest is called Sagarmatha in Nepal. It means goddess of the sky.
The climate of Everest is always hostile to living things. The warmest average daytime temperature (in July) is only about −2 °F (−19 °C) on the summit; in January, the coldest month, summit temperatures average −33 °F (−36 °C) and can drop as low as −76 °F (−60 °C). Storms can come up suddenly, and temperatures can plummet unexpectedly. The peak of Everest is so high that it reaches the lower limit of the jet stream.
Climbing on Everest is strictly regulated by both the Nepalese and Chinese governments. Permits cost thousands of U.S. dollars ($50,000 for a seven-member party in 1996) and are difficult to obtain, and waiting lists extend for years.
Interesting Facts About Mount Everest
- Everest was formed by the movement of the Indian tectonic plate pushing up and against the Asian plate.
- It consist of different types of shale, limestone, and marble
- The Jet Stream sits on top of Everest almost all year long. In mid-May each year, the jet stream moves north causing the winds the calm and temperatures to warm enough for people to try to summit. This is called the ‘summit window’. There is a similar period each fall in November.
- It was first identified in the western world by a British survey team lead by Sir George Everest in 1841.
- The first attempt was in 1921 by a British expedition from the north (Tibet) side.
- 282 people (168 westerners and 114 Sherpas) have died on Everest from 1924 to June 2016 or 3.7%.
- There are 18 different climbing routes on Everest. It takes 40 days to climb Mt. Everest in order for the body to adjust to the high altitude.
- You have to be 16 or older to climb from the Nepal side and 18 on the Chinese side.
- Climbers burn over 10,000 calories each day, double that on the summit climb.