Niagara Falls Facts: Niagara Falls is the collective name for three waterfalls that straddle the international border between Canada and the United States; more specifically, between the province of Ontario and the state of New York. For hundreds of years, the grandeur of the Falls of the Niagara River has attracted many to this destination.
Located on the Niagara River, which drains Lake Erie into Lake Ontario, the combined falls form the highest flow rate of any waterfall in the world that has a vertical drop of more than 165 feet (50 m). Niagara Falls was formed when glaciers receded at the end of the Wisconsin glaciation, and water from the newly formed Great Lakes carved a path through the Niagara Escarpment en route to the Atlantic Ocean.
Niagara Falls is famed both for its beauty and as a valuable source of hydroelectric power. Balancing recreational, commercial, and industrial uses have been a challenge for the stewards of the falls since the 19th century.
History of Niagara Falls
Niagara Falls was incorporated on June 12, 1903. Its population is 82,998 as of 2011. Niagara Falls is also considered by some to be one of the most romantic places in the world.
To preserve Niagara Falls’ natural beauty, a 1950 treaty signed by the U.S. and Canada limited water usage by the power plants. The treaty allows higher summertime diversion at night when tourists are fewer and during the winter months when there are even fewer tourists. This treaty is monitored by the International Niagara Board of Control above the falls.
Interesting Niagara Falls Facts
1. Niagara Falls is the collective name for three water Falls that overlap the international borders of Canada and New York.
2. The Niagara Falls are made up of 3 waterfalls, the American Falls, the Bridal Veil Falls and the Horseshoe Falls.
3. These three waterfalls combine to produce the highest flow rate of any waterfall on earth.
4. Niagara Falls were created by glacier activity around 10000 years ago. It a source of hydropower, producing large amounts of electricity.
5. About 28,000,000 (that’s 28 million!) liters of water travel down Niagara Falls every second.
6. About 20% of the drinking water in the United States goes through and over Niagara Falls. That means you have most likely drank water that came from the Falls.
7. Niagara Falls is not the highest waterfall in the world. There are actually about 500 waterfalls that are taller than Niagara. It’s the combination of height and the large volume of water that makes Niagara Falls a great tourist destination.
8. Niagara Falls are visited by around 30 million people every year.