Teotihuacan Pyramids: Teotihuacan is an ancient Mesoamerican city located in a sub-valley of the Valley of Mexico, located in the State of Mexico 40 kilometers northeast of modern-day Mexico City, known as the site of many of the most architecturally significant Mesoamerican pyramids.
Teotihuacán, also known as the City of the Gods that means “the place where men became gods”, Teotihuacán is home to some of the largest ancient pyramids in the world. According to legend, it was here where the gods gathered to plan the creation of man.
Teotihuacán was the largest Pre-Columbian city in the Americas, reaching a total population of 150,000 at its height. The name also refers to the civilization this city dominated, which at its greatest extent included most of Mesoamerica.
History of Teotihuacán City
The city is thought to have been established around 100 BC, with major monuments continuously under construction until about 250 AD. The city may have lasted until sometime between the 7th and 8th centuries AD, but its major monuments were sacked and systematically burned around 550 AD.
Teotihuacan began as a new religious center in the Mexican Highlands around the first century AD. This city came to be the largest and most populated center in the pre-Columbian Americas. Teotihuacan was even home to multi-floor apartment compounds built to accommodate this large population.
The city and the archaeological site are located in what is now the San Juan Teotihuacán municipality in the State of México, approximately 40 kilometers northeast of Mexico City. The site covers a total surface area of 83 square kilometers and was designated a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1987. It is the most visited archaeological site in Mexico.
Interesting Facts About Teotihuacan Pyramids
1. The Teotihuacan pyramids took approximately 350 years to construct. The project began in 100 BC and was not completed until 250 AD. At that time, it had a population of 125,000 and was larger than any other pre-Columbian American city.
2. Teotihuacan was one of the largest cities in the ancient world, with over 150,000 inhabitants at its peak.
3. Teotihuacan is actually the Aztec name for the city, meaning “place where gods were born“; unfortunately, the original name is yet to be deciphered from surviving name glyphs at the site.
4. The origins of these pyramids are often told to visitors during their Mexico City Tours to Teotihuacan, beginning with the builders, the Toltec.
5. City where the Teotihuacan pyramids were built flourished with jewelers, potters, and craftsmen who helped to create many of the artifacts that archaeologists continue to uncover, even today.
6. The Pyramid of the Sun is exactly half as tall as the Pyramid of Giza and the Temple of the Sun, the Temple of the Moon, and the Temple of Quetzalcoatl are in the same layout as Orion’s Belt.
7. Teotihuacan is a UNESCO World Heritage Site and the most visited of Mexico’s archaeological sites.