we will tell you top facts about Pacific ocean.
1.These volcanoes actually form a ring around the Ocean basin and are known as the Ring of Fire. Due to the amount of volcanic activity this area is also prone to earthquakes.The Ring of Fire is a region that consists of hundreds of active volcanoes located in the Ocean. It top with 75% of the world’s active volcanoes is located in the Ocean basin.It is one of the amazing facts about Pacific ocean.
2.Pacific name originates from the Latin word ‘pace’ which means peace. A Portuguese explorer Ferdinand Magellan, named the ocean ‘mar pacifico’ in 1521, which means peaceful sea.
3. It is the biggest ocean on earth, It covers more than 30% of the earth’s surface.
With a surface of 169,479,000sqkm/65,436,200sqmiles, it provides almost half of the Earth’s water area.The size of the Pacific Ocean is bigger than the total size of the landmass of all the continents together.
4.This is the biggest and deepest ocean with the deepest trenches. The average depth is about 3,800 m. The Challenger Deep in the Marina Trench is located to the West of the Philippines and north of New Guinea deepest point in the Ocean with 10,920m/35,827ft. It is the lowest part of the earth crust and was formed by the collision of two tectonic plates.It is also called as “Challenger Deep” Because it was researched by the HMS Challenger in 1875.
5.Interesting facts about Pacific ocean includes that this ocean has most of the islands in the world. There are actually more than 25,000 islands in the Pacific and most of them are found south of the Equator in the Southern Pacific. Indonesia consists of 17,508 islands and Japan consists of around 3,000 islands.
6 Every few years, in the South Pacific, warmer currents occur and causes higher temperatures on the coastlines around Chile and Ecuador. The fluctuations in temperature in between 2 or 3 degrees or as much as 10. Depending on how much the temperature rises, it can trigger fluctuations in the weather all over the world.This effect is called El Nino.
7.It is Actually Shrinking in Size by an Inch a Year.This is down to the effects of plate tectonics in the area. The shrinkage is occurring on three sides of the ocean and equates to 1,600 feet (0.52 kilometers) a year.
8.The various fish groups account for more than half of vertebrate species. There are almost 28,000 known extant species, of which almost 27,000 are bony fish, with 970 sharks, rays, and chimeras and about 108 hagfish and lampreys.This is the most amazing facts about Pacific ocean for kids.
9.Coral reef, which is a living sea creature that provides a home to many species of tropical fish, The census is adding about 150 to 200 species of fish each year. The scientists said they believe the oceans that extend across 70 percent of Earth’s surface hold about 20,000 species of fish.
10.The longest reef in the world is the Great Barrier Reef, located in the same Ocean off Australia’s coast.the largest living thing on Earth, and even visible from outer space. The 2,300km-long ecosystem comprises thousands of reefs and hundreds of islands made of over 600 types of hard and soft coral.