we will tell you the top 10 Facts About the Indian Ocean.
1.This ocean holds a unique place owing to its properties.The water here has the highest concentration of dissolved and floating hydrocarbons, has maximum negative water balance and is a single source of water of highest and lowest salinity levels.It is one of the amazing facts about the Indian Ocean.
2.It is probably one of the little-known facts about the Ocean is that it bears many tectonic plate boundaries including the Rodrigues Triple Point where African, Indo-Australian and Antartic continental plates merge.
3.This ocean receives about 6000 km of river runoff from various parts including rivers like Ganges and Brahmaputra- two of the largest rivers. Due to the closeness to the equator, the evaporation rate here remains considerably high.It is one of the interesting facts about the Indian Ocean.
4.This Ocean has ports that belong to different continents. Chennai, Mumbai, and Kolkata are the Indian ports of this ocean while Colombo of Sri Lanka, Durban and Richards Bay in South Africa, Jakarta in Indonesia and Melbourne in Australia make the other important parts of this ocean.
5.The Indian Ocean is known as Ratnākara (Sanskrit: रत्नाकर), “the mine of gems” in ancient Sanskrit literature, and as Hind Mahāsāgar (Hindi: हिन्द महासागर), “the great Indian sea”, in Hindi.
6.The Indian Ocean has its own contribution in the world trade. Besides the navigation routes and mineral deposits, this ocean also has many oil deposits which make about 40 percent of total world production.
7.The ocean consists of two major water circulation systems, the South Equatorial Current which consists of the Mozambique Current, The West Wind Drift and the Western Australian Current and the Monsoon Drift, which along with the ocean’s all year round warm temperatures, draws moisture from the ocean’s surface that goes on to cause the annual, weather phenomena known as the Indian Monsoons.
8.This Ocean serves as home to a diverse number of species, including anemonefish, sea turtles, jellyfish, stingrays, sea anemones, sea snakes, Great White sharks, bottlenose dolphins, blue whales, worms, and stonefish.
9.The first bit of Indian Ocean information that gets hold of anyone’s attention is its size, it is huge. Covering almost 20% of earth’s total surface, Indian Ocean makes a huge contribution to the water load of the world.
Owing to its huge size, Indian Ocean has a whopping volume of 292,131,000 cubic kilometers, with an average depth of 3890 meters.
10.Owing to the depth of this ocean, it is interesting Indian Ocean information that the lowest part this ocean is about 7,258 m deep lying on the Java Trench of the Sunda Shelf, Java Trench of the Sunda Shelf is the highest point at the sea level.