we will tell you about the top southern ocean facts.
1.There are only a few ports in the Southern Ocean. The ports belong mainly to research stations, such as the Rothera Station (British research base), Palmer Station (USA), Mawson Station (Australia), The southernmost port in Ocean is McMurdo Station, which is an American research base, built on Antarctic land claimed by New Zealand. Access to the ports is limited only to summertime and even then ice-breakers often need to escort visiting ships.It is one of the amazing southern ocean facts.
2.The Southern Ocean is also referred to as the Antarctic Ocean, South Polar Ocean or Austral Ocean. The Southern Ocean is the youngest ocean as it was formed ‘only’ 30 million years ago when South America and Antarctica moved apart.
3. Its narrowest part is the Drake Passage, which has only about 1000 kilometers wide between South America, The Drake Passage(Sea of Hoces) is the body of water between South America’s Cape Horn and the South Shetland Islands of Antarctica. It connects the southwestern part of the Atlantic Ocean (Scotia Sea) with the southeastern part of the Pacific Ocean and extends into the Southern Ocean.it is one of the interesting southern ocean facts.
4. It covers 20 percent of the surface of all oceans and 4.3 percent of the face of the earth.Antarctic Ocean covering an area of around 20,327,000 square kilometers is the fourth largest ocean in the world.
5.The Antarctic Circumpolar Current carries 150 times more water than the flow of all the rivers in the world.The Antarctic Circumpolar Current (ACC) is an ocean current that flows clockwise from west to east around Antarctica.The current is circumpolar due to the lack of any landmass connecting with Antarctica and this keeps warm ocean waters away from Antarctica, enabling that continent to maintain its huge ice sheet.
6.The deepest part of the Ocean is the southern end of the South Sandwich Trench that is 23,737 feet deep.
The South Sandwich Trench is a deep arcuate trench in the South Atlantic Ocean lying 100 km to the east of the South Sandwich Islands. The trench is produced by the subduction of the southernmost portion of the South American Plate beneath the small South Sandwich Plate. The South Sandwich Islands constitute a volcanic island arc which results from this active subduction. Mount Belinda on Montagu Island is an active volcano.
It is the deepest trench of the Southern Atlantic Ocean, and the second deepest of the Atlantic Ocean after the Puerto Rico Trench.
7.The Southern ocean lies in the southern hemisphere, seasons there is the opposite of seasons in the north — summer runs from October to February and winter covers the remainder of the year.
8.Albatrosses are large seabirds, They range widely in the Southern Ocean and the North Pacific. They are absent from the North Atlantic, although fossil remains show they once occurred there and occasional vagrants are found. Albatrosses are among the largest of flying birds and have the largest wingspans of any extant birds, reaching up to 3.7 meters (12 feet).
Albatrosses are highly efficient in the air, using dynamic soaring and slope soaring to cover great distances with little exertion. They feed on squid, fish and krill by either scavenging, surface seizing or diving. Albatrosses are colonial, nesting for the most part on remote oceanic islands, often with several species nesting together.
9.The emperor penguin is the tallest and heaviest of all living penguin species and is endemic to Antarctica. The male and female are similar in plumage and size, reaching 122 cm (48 in) in height and weighing from 22 to 45 kg (49 to 99 lb).
10.The Southern Ocean comprises the southernmost waters of the World Ocean, generally taken to be south of 60° S latitude and encircling Antarctica.